The Level of Children’s Independence with Cerebral Palsy in Several Regions in Java and Sumatra

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PDF    Published May 4, 2020    DOI      Abstract viewed: 289   PDF viewed: 317  
Bambang Trisnowiyanto
Budi Utomo


Background: The most common disorder or disability in childhood is cerebral palsy, obtained during the antenatal, perinatal or early postnatal period. Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive injury or brain lesion with very variable clinical manifestations. children with cerebral palsy have impaired movement, ability levels and functional limitations and affected body parts. Therefore, to find out the level of independence in children with cerebral palsy, it is necessary to have an examination carried out by health workers, especially physiotherapy. In this case, an examination using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of independence of children with cerebral palsy in several regions in Java and Sumatra. Methods: A total of 315 children with cerebral palsy (mean ± SD) participated in this cross-sectional study design. The research was conducted in March-June 2019. GMFCS data was collected from children with cerebral palsy in the parent community of cerebral palsy in 10 cities. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test used for data normality test. Results: Overall research subjects from 10 cerebral palsy communities with a total sample of 315 children, most cerebral palsy with GMFCS level 4 as many as 117 children (37.1%), then GMFCS level 3 as many as 84 children (26.7%), GMFCS level 5 is 67 children (21.3%), level 2 GMFCS is 24 children (7.6%), and at least children with level 1 GMFCS are 23 children (7.3%). Conclusion: The conclusion is from a total of 315 children with cerebral palsy, the level of Indonesian children's independence based on GMFCS most of them are less independent


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Trisnowiyanto, B., & Utomo, B. (2020). The Level of Children’s Independence with Cerebral Palsy in Several Regions in Java and Sumatra. Jurnal Keterapian Fisik, 5(1), 1-12.