Electro-Scalp Acupuncture Reduce Elder Dementia Rate In Aisyiyah Nursing Home Of Surakarta

Main Article Content

PDF    Published May 25, 2021    DOI https://doi.org/10.37341/jkf.v0i0.262      Abstract viewed: 144   PDF viewed: 37  
Rinto Jatmiko Wahyudi
Risna Widowati

Abstract

ABSTRACT


Background: Alzheimer’s Diseases International predicts that the number of elderly people with dependency will increase from 101 million to 277 million in 2050, including Indonesia which is estimated to have one million people. Meanwhile WHO in 2020 reports, worldwide, around 50 million people suffer from dementia, and there are nearly 10 million new cases every year. Elderly people with dependency such as dementia requires personal care with more time and supervision, all of these relate to the burden of nurses and the higher costs. The example of the solution that problem is acupuncture treatment for dementia. Acupuncture research in Alzheimer's cases, including a decrease cognitive level or dementia, acupuncture can improve verbal, motor, cognitive abilities, and mood. But until now acupuncture is still very rarely used for this case. The aim this research is to determine the effect of stimulation on Skin, Connective tissue, Aponeurosis, Loose areolar, Pericranium (SCALP) acupuncture with electro stimulation on reduce elder dementia rate in Aisyiyah Nursing Home of Surakarta.


Methods: The study was conducted at Aisyiyah Nursing Home of Surakarta for 2 months. Dementia rate measured with Mental Mini State Examination (MMSE) and analyze with a cross-sectional approach and with a one-group pretest-posttest research design. There are 15 elderly people as research subjects, using purposive sampling techniques. Needle insertion in this research performed at the Brain point Yamamoto New SCALP Acupuncture (YNSA).


Results: The average age of the elderly in Aisyiyah Nursing Home of Surakarta is 72.4 years and has a risk of cognitive decline or dementia. The average of dementia rate measured with Mental Mini State Examination (MMSE) scores before treatment was 21 (dementia) and the average of MMSE score after treatment was 26.3 (normal category). Paired T-test was obtained p <0.05 which means there is an influence of SCALP Acupuncture with electro stimulation on reduce elder dementia rate.


Conclusion: There is an effect of the procedure of SCALP acupuncture with electrostimulation therapy to reduce elder dementia rate which is marked by an increase in the value of MMSE score after therapy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Wahyudi, R. J., & Widowati, R. (2021). Electro-Scalp Acupuncture Reduce Elder Dementia Rate In Aisyiyah Nursing Home Of Surakarta. Jurnal Keterapian Fisik, 24-28. https://doi.org/10.37341/jkf.v0i0.262
Section
Articles

References

Adair, D., Truong, D., Esmaeilpour, Z., Gebodh, N., Borges, H., Ho, L., Douglas Bremner, J., Badran, B. W., Napadow, V., Clark, V. P., & Bikson, M. (2020). Electrical stimulation of cranial nerves in cognition and disease. In Brain Stimulation (Vol. 13, Issue 3, pp. 717–750). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2020.02.019

Alzheimer’s Diseases International. (2013). The Global Impact of Dementia 2013-2050 | Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI). Report. https://www.alzint.org/resource/policy-brief-the-global-impact-of-dementia-2013-2050/

Brodaty, H., & Donkin, M. (2009). Family caregivers of people with dementia. In Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience (Vol. 11, Issue 2, pp. 217–228). Les Laboratoires Servier. https://doi.org/10.31887/dcns.2009.11.2/hbrodaty

CDC. (2019). What Is Dementia? https://www.cdc.gov/aging/dementia/index.html

Darmojo, B. dan M. H. (2010). Geriatri: Ilmu Kesehatan Usia Lanjut (fourth edi). Balai Penerbit FKUI.

Han, J. S. (2003). Acupuncture: Neuropeptide release produced by electrical stimulation of different frequencies. Trends in Neurosciences, 26(1), 17–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-2236(02)00006-1

Jaul, E., & Barron, J. (2017). Age-Related Diseases and Clinical and Public Health Implications for the 85 Years Old and Over Population. Frontiers in Public Health, 5, 335. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00335

Jia, Y., Zhang, X., Yu, J., Han, J., Yu, T., Shi, J., Zhao, L., & Nie, K. (2017). Acupuncture for patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 17(1), 556. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-2064-x

Nakamura Masamichi, Hyodo Akira, Han Jingxing, K. O. (2017). Effects of acupuncture on dementia -A case series with a novel Sanjiao Acupuncture method-. Japanese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Vo.13(1), 19–15. https://jsam.jp/onlineJournal/fullpaper.php?id=85

Reato, D., Rahman, A., Bikson, M., & Parra, L. C. (2010). Low-intensity electrical stimulation affects network dynamics by modulating population rate and spike timing. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(45), 15067–15079. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2059-10.2010

Saryono. (2011). Kumpulan Instrumen Penelitian Kesehatan. Nuha Medika.

Undang-undang. (1998). Tentang Kesejahteraan Lanjut Usia. https://bphn.jdihn.go.id/dokumen/view?id=1036

WHO. (2020). Dementia. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dementia

Widita Muharyani, P. (2010). Demensia dan Gangguan Aktivitas Kehidupan Sehari-Hari (Aks) Lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Wargatama Inderalaya. In Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat (Vol. 1, Issue 1). https://ejournal.fkm.unsri.ac.id/index.php/jikm/article/view/23

Yamamoto, Toshikatsu, H. Y. (2003). Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture. Medical Tribune.